This is a book put together in 1902 by L. Ray Balderston, Director of domestic science, and M.C. Limerick, Instructor of domestic science in the Drexel Institute. This is an excellent book on maintaining and cleaning cloth items without electricity. Clothing, bed linen, table linens, stain removal and starching/ironing. A very helpful manual.
SURVIVAL PLANNING AND SURVIVAL KITS
Survival planning is nothing more than realizing some- thing could happen that would put you in a survival sit- uation and, with that in mind, taking steps to increase your chances of survival. Thus, survival planning means preparation.
Preparation means having survival items and knowing how to use them People who live insnow regions prepare their ve- hicles for poor road conditions. They put snow tires on their vehicles, add extra weight in the back for traction, and they carry a shovel, salt, and a blanket. Another example of prepa- ration is finding the emergeny exits on an aircraft when you board it for a flight. Preparation could also mean knowing your intended route of travel and familiarizing yourself with the area. Finally, emergency planning is essential.
Almost any city or town of reasonable size has a gun store and one or more pharmacies. These are two of the places that potential terrorists visit in order to purchase explosive material. All that one has to do is know something about the non- explosive uses of the materials. Black powder, for example, is used in blackpowder firearms. It comes in varying “grades”, with each different grade being a slightly different size. The grade of black powder depends on what the calibre of the gun that it is used in; a fine grade of powder could burn too fast in the wrong caliber weapon. The rule is: the smaller the grade, the faster the burn rate of the powder.
Generalized awareness of the skills needed to survive in a wilderness situation. Whether you are simply going camping at a commercial campground, taking a short hike, or backpacking into a pristine wilderness area… be prepared. Never
leave to chance those few articles that may become lifesavers. Above all, always let someone know your itinerary and the time you plan to return. The following is a list of items that should be included in a basic survival kit:
Senior citizens can protect themselves and cope with disaster by planning ahead. Knowing what to do is your best protection. First of all, it is a good idea to know which kinds of disasters are most common in your particular area. Preparing for a disaster that is likely to happen in your area will help you be prepared for any disaster. Having a Survival Plan is absolutely necessary. Even if you have physical limitation, you can still protect yourself by having a plan.
Staying aware of weather conditions is also very important. Listen to daily weather forecasts during severe weather season. You should know your designated Emergency Alert System stations. The National Weather Service monitors severe weather closely. You can purchase special NOAA Weather Radios that broadcast National Weather Service warnings, watches, forecasts and other hazard information 24 hours a day. They are available at stores that sell electronics. Call your local National Weather Service office for more information.
MREs (Meals Ready to Eat) were born on Earth, but grew up on Apollo flights to the moon, in Skylab floating workshops and on every U.S. Space Shuttle flight from Enterprise to Atlantis. In the 1970s retort pouches (the popular name for thermo stabilized, laminated food pouches named after the retort cooker) were put to their first real test by the U.S. Space Program. The Program was looking for delicious, easy to prepare, “normal” food that wouldn’t increase human stress the way that freezes dried food and “toothpaste tube food” did. More than any other technology, retort pouches have satisfied the Program’s needs. And so, over 20 years ago, retort pouches found a home at NASA, where all their unusual characteristics were much appreciated and they have been successfully feeding astronauts in flight and on the moon ever since.
After almost every disaster, search and rescue teams find victims who might have survived if they had known whether to stay with or leave their cars. Following are safety tips for drivers in various types of emergencies. This information should be kept in the glove compartment of your car. In any situation, the most important rule is: Don’t panic.
Consistent efforts to maintain a high standard of hygiene will contribute to a lower incidence of gastrointestinal problems and prevent the loss of working person-hours during an expedition. “Be obsessional about camp hygiene.” Routine in camp life pays great dividends and responsibility for hygiene, cleaning and safety chores may have to be organized by a strict rota to ensure that standards are maintained throughout the project.
If you cannot help in the choice of a site for base camp, you should at least be aware of its characteristics and therefore any risks and hazards it presents. In planning the layout of the camp, particular attention should be given to the following: