In this method of fire-making, sparks are shaved off a piece of steel by striking it briskly with a piece of flint or other rock. In actual use, the steel is struck against the flint, since it’s usually easier to do it that way. A piece of char-cloth is held against the flint (or other rock) to catch the sparks. Once a spark is caught by the char-cloth, it is easy to blow into flame. Char-cloth is made by placing pieces of woven cotton inside an airtight metal container. That container is then placed in a fire and left there until the cotton becomes charred and black. Due to the lack of air in the container the cotton doesn’t actually burn.
Picking your gear for your emergency bag is important. Some of the equipment out there looks really impressive but isn’t all that well made. If you spend your money well and buy the right kind of gear, you should be able to make a pretty decent preparedness bag. Here are some suggestions for gear that is of good quality, but with price in mind
The first thing needed is a well made pack. This can make the difference between you being highly mobile and wearing an uncomfortable bag that is going to be unweidly and a general pain in the butt to deal with. Many think ‘size’ and go for a full on hiking pack thinking this will be the best because they can stuff the most gear in it. Larger hiking packs can have their advantages, but also have some drawbacks. Generally a big hiking pack isn’t cheap, usually in the range of $190 to upwards of $350 dollars. The are also fairly large. Not all that easy to manage for someone smaller of stature, like a smaller guy or a female. They also tend to be somewhat top heavy when packed to the brim and usually stick up above the wearer’s head, making it harder to get in and out of smaller openings. They are made to be worn by someone out on a mountain face or off in the woods on a trail, not someone trying to evacuate an urban or semi-urban environment.
Many larger packs also have metal frames. This is great if you’re carrying a lot of gear for the support and load bearing capabilities, but again, makes ingress and egress through smaller openings somewhat of a pain. And the larger the pack, the more room its going to take up while being stored. But on the other hand, you can carry a hell of a lot of gear. Buying a loud, brightly colored ski/mountain pack is like wearing a big sign on your back that says ‘Here’s my stuff, come take it”
There are small “day packs’ available that are about as useful as a woman’s purse. Great for carrying keys, wallet, maybe a small laptop or a change of clothes but not all that useful for the gear required for a person to sustain themselves for 3-5 days.
There are a lot of companies that make a good solid mid-sized pack, that isn’t so large that its like carrying a small adult on your back, but still have a good amount of storage face and useful features. One of the better known names is North Face. They have a good mid-range pack called the
A midsized, user-friendly pack with trekking pole attachments and a stowable rain cover AND it’s hydration compatible…. perfect for shorter outings!
- Vertical meshchannel on back panelprovides cooling comfort
- Easy access top-loader
- Rain cover included
- FlexVent™ injection-molded shoulder straps
- Hydration sleeve and port
- Mesh side water bottle pockets
- Trekking pole attachments
|Weight:||1 lb 9 oz / 709 g|
|Capacity:||1281 cu in / 21 L|
|Fabric:||420D mini-ripstop nylon / 420D dobby nylon|
Very solid pack for the price. Good support, loads from the top, built sturdy, actually made to be worn for a long time, so if you have to do so, it won’t be so bad. The pack is set up to add on a hydration bladder, never a bad thing to have more water, but if you don’t want to use it for that, it’s one more pocket you have to stick stuff in.
Excellent First Aid kit. A good collection of compresses, bandages, wraps, and accessories
- Great for family of 4 for a trip duration of 1-4 days
- Includes the comprehensive guide titled Caring for Children in the Outdoors
Excellent if you have children, if you don’t there’s no such thing as too much first aid. There are smaller less expensive packs available, and for what this has in it, you can’t really beat the price even if you raid the dollar store.
Simply fill up the pouch of your choice at a lake, stream or river, screw the filter directly onto the pouch and
1) Squeeze the bag and filter water into your water bottle or container of choice.
2) Drink directly from the filter which has a built in push pull cap for on/off functions.
3) Attach the filter onto most threaded water bottles including 2 liter bottles.
The Squeeze filter is perfect for traveling abroad where tap and bottle water cannot be trusted.
- Perfect for traveling abroad
- Includes 3 reuseable pouches
- Ability to roll up
- Extremely lightweight – only 3 oz
You could go cheaper here. Iodine pills cost very little, but if you don’t particularly want to drink iodine, this should do just fine. Light weight, can be rolled up and it comes with up to 32oz bags.
- 2 Servings per day for 1 adult for 4 weeks, or 4 adults for 1 week
- Dinner Entree’
- 25 year shelf life
*Note each serving requires 1 cup of water
This is freeze dried, which is going to require a little bit of water to eat. Just about any food that is going to have a decent shelf life and take up as little space/weight as possible, is probably going to require water. You could probably throw in a handful of standard issue protein bars, which have a decent shelf life, but you probably really don’t want to know whats going to happen if you make a super dense protein bar the bigger part of your diet. MRE’s are also available. but they seem to run about $2 more per meal on average and well, it’s military field chow.
Less than $10 for the ability to start a fire when needed. Is this even a question?
If you ever find yourself in need of it, this will be the best $1.59 you ever spend in your life.
·Tin with emobossed lid
·Stainless steel blade and handles
·Wood handle insert
·Stainless steel construction
This is a pretty handy (and inexpensive) multi-tool from Winchester. Not mandatory but damn handy.
- Bright Orange Stripe: An easy to spot universal distress color for rescue
- Reflects up to 90% of radiated body heat
- Survival and first-aid instructions printed on blanket in English and French
- Easy to open and fold
Flat shape makes it easy to pack
|Dimensions:||56 in x 84 in|
|60 in x 96 in|
|Folded Size:||5 x 3 x .4 in|
|5 x 3 x .5 in|
An excellent addition to any bag. Takes up little space, next to no weight, reusable.
The Coghlin’s Tube Tent is a perfect lightweight emergency shelter.
- Sets up in minutes
- Room for 2 people
- Cord included
- Fire Retardant
This is a pretty good emergency shelter. Basically it is an 8′ long fire retardant, waterproof tube. It comes with rope. All it really requires is two tie points for the rope on each end, and just something of weight to spread the tent out. While it says ‘two man’ it’s really more like a ’1 man and gear’ sized tent…but it is 8′ long. This is by no means intended to be a long term structure in anyway. It is more of a 2 week type of thing if you’re in some kind of cover or the weather isn’t rough. But it will definitely do in a pinch and at under $10 each, 2 would be the minimum to buy. It looks as though it one could slide this over an air matress like a sleeve and have a decent bed/shelter for dire times that would be fairly light and take up minimal space in the pack.
Final cost $368.68 (plus shipping)
This should easily take care of 2 people for food for 14 days,
Weight Approximately 10lbs
These things are going to be more of personal preference/personal need thing that will vary from person to person. You could find some of these things cheaper, but you get what you pay for. If you go much lower in price, generally that means a lower quality equipment that may or may not be useful if/when you actually have to use it.
Sanitation and Personal Hygiene
Required medications, antibiotics.
Here are some things you should know about EMP damage.
1.A regular lightning arrestor reacts too slowly to protect against EMP. You need one that reacts within 2 nanoseconds. Look at the specification labels on any power strip you buy. Some will match this standard. There are several
manufacturers that have equipment you can install on your incoming power lines to add protection to your whole house. It’s not cheap, several hundred dollars. These units will divert any power surge of high voltage comes down your lines and shunt them to a large grounding rod. This shunt is a special switch which goes into operation when the voltage spike hits. It does not ground normal voltage (or you would never have any power).
Slow Sand Filters
If you use surface water sources for household use, slow sand filtration – or more accurately biologically active filtration – may be an effective choice for water treatment. Slow sand filters can remove up to 99.99 percent of turbidity, bacteria, viruses, and Giardia lamblia cysts without the need for chemical flocculents or the use of electrical power. Slow sand filtration is a preferred technology for customers who:
► Wish to use surface water (ponds, streams, springs)
► Use daily volumes that make cartridge use impractical
► Have no access to electrical power
► Cannot or do not wish to use chemical treatment
a. The environment is the key to the types of items you will need in your survival kit. How much equipment you put in your kit depends on how you will carry the kit. A kit on your body will have to be much smaller than one carried in a vehicle.
b. Always layer your survival kit, keeping the most important items on your body.
c. In preparing your survival kit, select items that can be used for more than one purpose.
d. Your survival kit does not need to be elaborate. You only need functional items that will meet your needs and a case to hold them. The case might be a first aid case, an ammunition pouch, or another suitable case. This case should be-
(1) Water repellent or waterproof.
(2) Easy to carry or attach to your body.
(3) Suitable to accept various sized items.
e. When constructing a survival kit, you should have the following components:
(1) Fire starting items.
(2) Water procurement items.
(3) Food procurement items.
(4) Signaling items.
(5) First aid items.
(6) Shelter items.
(From Survival Manual; John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School, Ft. Bragg, NC)
1-1. The following paragraphs expand on the meaning of each letter of the word survival. Study and
remember what each letter signifies because some day you may have to make the word work for you.
S—Size Up the Situation
1-2. If you are in a combat situation, find a place where you can conceal yourself from the enemy.
Remember, security takes priority. Use your senses of hearing, smell, and sight to get a feel for the
battlespace. Determine if the enemy is attacking, defending, or withdrawing. You will have to consider
what is developing on the battlespace when you make your survival plan.
Directly associated with food is water. These two are essential to life. People can go up to 60 days without solid food. You will be tormented by hunger, but you can’t survive without water. Many different forms of life are certain indicators of
water in your vicinity. Bees must have water. Pigeons and all grain eaters must have water, but the flesh eaters such as the crow, hawk and eagle can go without water for a long time. By knowing something of the nature of insects, birds, animals and reptiles, you can often find their hidden stores of precious water.
The home production and storage program is an integral part of welfare services but is undertaken individually, according to the needs of each member or family. It’s application, therefore, differs in relation to circumstances, but
the responsibility of preparedness remains solely upon the individual family. The vast majority of commodities in the Bishop’s Storehouse system of the Church must be found, as the Brethren have counseled, within the home and basements of individual families. Refer to Church publication “Essentials of Home Production and Storage” (PGWE 1125) for guidance in planning your home
The following basic items are recommended for storage. Indicated is the approximate amount of each needed to sustain an average adult for one year:
Drying or dehydration, the oldest method of food preservation, is particularly successful in the hot, dry climates found in much of New Mexico. Quite simply, drying reduces moisture necessary for bacterial growth that eventually causes
deterioration. Successful dehydration depends upon a slow steady heat supply to assure that food is dried from the inside to the outside. Drying is also an inexact art. Size of pieces, relative moisture, and the method selected all affect the time required to dehydrate a food adequately.
Methods of Drying
Foods may be sun dried with or without a solar dehydrator, in a gas or electric oven, or with a portable electric dehydrator. Dehydrators with thermostats provide better control over poor weather conditions and food quality than sun drying.
An effective solar dehydrator is the shelf above the back seat of a car. Clotheslines are another popular drying rack for ears of corn and strips of jerky. Colorful red chile ristras hung from vigas are practical as well as decorative.